This publication is an output of the Cities and Migration programme.
migrants markets mayors cover

In our rapidly urbanising world, mayors often see migrants as a burden to their city’s labour market and a threat to its development. Drawing on national household surveys and four secondary city case studies in Africa, this study finds that migrants — being younger, better educated and/or complementary to the resident labour force — usually strengthen the urban labour force. 

In secondary cities, labour market outcomes for migrants are at least as good as those for residents. Migrants also contribute increasingly less to urban population growth. Secondary cities thus appear well placed to leverage migration. This requires good urban management that develops land and labour markets, prepares for growth and benefits everyone, migrants as well as residents. 

Migrant specific interventions are warranted when divisions between natives and migrants are deep. Strengthening the financial, technical and planning capacity of towns to better integrate migrants is part and parcel of the good jobs agenda.


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Luc Christiaensen and Nancy Lozano Gracia / The World Bank