Download Participatory Upgrading of Informal Areas: A Decision-makers' Guide for Action


This publication outlines a model of participatory upgrading implemented in Egypt and how to apply that model. It represents the accumulated experience of the Egyptian-German Participatory Development Programme in Urban Areas (PDP) since 1998.

The book consists of two parts. The first part, “Basic Concepts,” gives an overview of the different types of informal areas in Egypt and the rationale behind participatory upgrading. This section also presents mechanisms and tools for participatory upgrading as well as their contribution to achieving local development goals.

The second part, “Guidelines for Action,” discusses the application of participatory upgrading on different levels. It also outlines each tool in detail and illustrates how those tools interact in a complementary way at the local, regional and national level.

The publication is targeted to decision-makers on different levels of government: the local, regional and ministerial level, as well as partners for upgrading in the civil society and private sector organisations.

About the PDP

The PDP was established in 2004 following a request from the Egyptian government for cooperation with Germany on developing sustainable solutions for informal area management in Egypt’s growing urban areas.

It has developed methods for participatory upgrading based on the Egyptian and international experiences, and pilot projects in the neighbourhoods of Manshiet Nasser and Boulaq el Dakrour have demonstrated that these methods can work.

The PDP also assists its partners in the Governorates of Cairo, Giza, Qalyoubia and Helwan to roll out the implementation of participatory development through technical advice and the

Local Initiatives Fund, which is jointly financed by the Egyptian Ministry of Economic Development (MoED) and the German Financial Cooperation.

The programme is implemented by the MoED with the support of the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) and the German Development Bank (KfW). It is financed by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).


Related Information

Download the 2009 PDP publication Cairo’s Informal Areas Between Urban Challenges and Hidden Potentials

Report Info
Participatory Development Programme in Urban Areas (PDP) in Egypt
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