INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS AND MIGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA
How can migration dynamics be better incorporated into local urban and housing policies?
Housing Laboratory on Wednesday 13 May 2020 - 5 pm CET
In recent years, Latin America and the Caribbean have been significantly affected by migratory flows triggered among others by economic factors, political crises, violence, and natural disasters. Such movements have severely impacted urban areas, which are absorbing most of the newcomers and that are often already facing poverty and informality, lack of access to basic services, and unemployment. Social and cultural dynamics in the different countries, together with ongoing political and social changes are also generating tensions between the local and the migrant populations.
But migration is also a major opportunity for those hosting cities, where the arrival of human capital can extensively contribute to boosting the local labour markets, as well as the economies through an increased flow of remittances. The potential of these migration flows must be adequately capitalized through structured governance mechanisms that promote inclusive dialogue among all stakeholders, with a strong social focus to effectively and safely integrate migrants and/or returnees in the medium and long term.
During this Housing Lab, speakers will share different approaches to housing policies against the background of migration management and informal settlements in the LAC region, from countries such as Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Mexico, and Guatemala. The World Bank and UN-Habitat will bring an international perspective to the debate.
The discussion will focus on the following questions:
1. What are the main migration trends in Latin America and the Caribbean and what impacts do these recent flows have on the municipalities of departure, transit and reception?
2. What are the implications of migration in terms of informal settlements and homeless population?
3. How can migration dynamics be better incorporated into local urban and housing policies?
4. What are the existing regulatory frameworks in terms of rights? Do they need to be adapted - and how - to the current migration reality?
5. What are the roles of national urban policy, housing policy and national government?
6. Are there -and what are- concrete incentives for the adequate reception, management, and integration of migrants at the local level?