Mozambique Country Programme
The Country Programme aims to:
> Support the Government of Mozambique’s efforts to scale up inclusive urban development policies
> Build the capacity of cities to strategically manage urbanisation
> Empower and strengthen community organisations to actively engage in city development
> Focus on strengthening municipal level government
The Government of Mozambique will implement the programme through the Ministry of State Administration (MAE).
Local partners include the National Association of Municipalities of Mozambique (ANAMM) and the Medium Level Institute for Physical Planning and the Environment (IMPFA) and Faculty of Architecture and Physical Planning at the University of Eduardo Mondlane (UEM).
These partners are supported by international organisations including:
> Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
> Shack/Slum Dwellers International (SDI)
> The Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF)
> The UK Department for International Development (DFID)
> The World Bank
> United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG)
Funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the programme is facilitated and supported by the Cities Alliance.
Mozambique is urbanising at breakneck speed. In 2005, it was among the least urbanised countries in Southern Africa; by 2025, it is projected to be the fourth most urbanised country in the region, after Botswana, South Africa and Angola.
While Mozambique’s economic growth is strong, its cities lack the capacity to respond effectively to urbanisation. One of the key development challenges is the need to strengthen municipal-level government and ensure that the poor also benefit from the country’s economic growth.
It is a considerable challenge. Over 80 percent of Mozambique’s urban population lives in “bairros” with limited or no services and very basic concrete block houses, according to UN estimates. In Maputo alone, some 75 percent of the population lives in slums. The situation is especially acute in secondary cities, where unregulated, informal settlements make up roughly 90 percent of municipal territory.
In its approach to slum upgrading, Mozambique is the first country to benefit from a unique form of South-South cooperation—the Italian-Brazilian Triangular Cooperation Programme, which is based on an agreement between Italy and Brazil to carry out cooperation activities with third countries. Through the programme, Mozambique is able to draw on more than ten years of experience with integrated and participatory slum upgrading developed in Bahia, Brazil with the support of Italy and the Cities Alliance.
The Country Programme builds on two major activities already underway: A City Development Strategy and slum upgrading initiative in Nampula; and a slum upgrading initiative in Maputo, which is being piloted in the Chamanculo-C settlement.
> Support to national dialogue and contract management of associated stakeholder initiatives
> Building capacity at the municipal level
> Technical capacity in support of fast growing cities along the Nacala corridor
> Leveraged funding. The Mozambique Country Programme activities and investments have leveraged an additional $9 million in co-funding from partners such as the Governments of Italy and Brazil, GIZ, the World Bank, and local partners.
> Integrated slum upgrading in the Chamanculo-C neighbourhood of Maputo. Integrated slum upgrading in the Chamanculo-C neighbourhood. The Chamanculo-C initiative piloted an integrated, participatory slum upgrading approach developed in Bahia, Brazil with the support of the Italian Government, World Bank, AVSI and Cities Alliance, and adapted the approach to the Mozambican context. It was implemented by the Municipality of Maputo. For every dollar invested in Chamanculo-C, $2.2 was raised as leverage.
> A citywide slum upgrading strategy taking shape in Maputo. A proposed methodology based on the experience of Brazil and the initial lessons from the pilot upgrading programme in Chamanculo-C are already informing the design of a slum upgrading strategy for the Municipality in Maputo. This strategy is being designed as part of the ProMaputo project, with funding from the World Bank.
> Curriculum for municipal planners developed. A new curriculum and course framework has been developed for the Medium Level Institute for Physical and Environmental Planning (IMPFA), making the training of municipal planning technicians much easier, especially for municipal planners working in secondary cities.
> Strengthened local capacity in the Nampula-Nacala-Tete corridor. The Country Programme strengthened the planning capacities of local government officials and technicians of Nampula, Nacala and Tete municipalities to promote effective planning of the Nampula-Nacala-Tete urban corridor. This included an Urban Planning Support Unit to provide training and support for local governments.