The Mozambique Country Programme
The Country Programme is a partnership initiative undertaken by the Government of Mozambique and its support partners to align urban development efforts at the national, municipal and community levels. It aims to:
The Government of Mozambique will implement the programme through the Ministry of State Administration (MAE).
Local partners include the National Association of Municipalities of Mozambique (ANAMM) and the Medium Level Institute for Physical Planning and the Environment (IMPFA) and Faculty of Architecture and Physical Planning at the University of Eduardo Mondlane (UEM).
These partners are supported by international organisations including:
Funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the programme is facilitated and supported by the Cities Alliance.
Mozambique is urbanising at breakneck speed. In 2005, it was among the least urbanised countries in Southern Africa; by 2025, it is projected to be the fourth most urbanised country in the region, after Botswana, South Africa and Angola.
While Mozambique’s economic growth is strong, its cities lack the capacity to respond effectively to urbanisation. One of the key development challenges is the need to strengthen municipal-level government and ensure that the poor also benefit from the country’s economic growth.
It is a considerable challenge. Over 80 percent of Mozambique’s urban population lives in “bairros” with limited or no services and very basic concrete block houses, according to UN estimates. In Maputo alone, some 75 percent of the population lives in slums. The situation is especially acute in secondary cities, where unregulated, informal settlements make up roughly 90 percent of municipal territory.
In its approach to slum upgrading, Mozambique is the first country to benefit from a unique form of South-South cooperation—the Italian-Brazilian Triangular Cooperation Programme, which is based on an agreement between Italy and Brazil to carry out cooperation activities with third countries. Through the programme, Mozambique is able to draw on more than ten years of experience with integrated and participatory slum upgrading developed in Bahia, Brazil with the support of Italy and the Cities Alliance.
The Country Programme builds on two major activities already underway: A City Development Strategy and slum upgrading initiative in Nampula; and a slum upgrading initiative in Maputo, which is being piloted in the Chamanculo-C settlement.
Programme framework adopted. The National Government of Mozambique has formally approved the framework for the Country Programme.
Granting process begun. Two detailed proposals were developed. The first focuses on rationalising the numerous local government capacity-building initiatives, and supporting a strengthened national institution to train local government land use and environmental planners for secondary cities at scale. The second proposal promotes both a national dialogue and a local-level dialogue with the private sector, in particular the extractive industries.
A citywide slum upgrading strategy taking shape in Maputo. A proposed methodology based on the experience of Brazil and the initial lessons from the pilot upgrading programme in Chamanculo-C are already informing the design of a slum upgrading strategy for the Municipality in Maputo. This strategy is being designed as part of the ProMaputo project, with funding from the World Bank.
Master's course in slum upgrading established. A training course is currently being developed that focuses on the planning and management of slum upgrading initiatives. The course, which will be taught by the University Eduardo Mondlane, was initially proposed for local officials but has been upgraded to a certified master’s degree course, ensuring continued application. The course will feature the implementation of the Chamanculo-C upgrading project as a key case study.